Research Point: Landscape Artists Who Worked in Series

The Boulevard Montmartre Cloudy Weather

For this research point I was to look at artists who worked in Series such as Monet, Pissarro or Cézanne and make notes in my learning log about the challenges they faced and how they tackled them.

Camille Pissarro

I thought I would look at Camille Pissarro first as I remembered his various paintings of The Boulevard Montmartre through different seasons and different times of day.

The Boulevard Montmartre 1897
The Boulevard Montmartre 1897

I suspect that the first painting in this series would have been the Boulevard Montre 1897 above which from the shadows on the chimneys on the right looks like the scene is set in late afternoon or early evening.

Looking at the Boulevard Montre in Spring below I think it’s obvious that Pissarro’s biggest challenge was depicting the weather and he has tackled this by using a totally different colour pallet barring the chimneys on the right. Another challenge that I’m guessing he would have been thinking about while he was painting this would be duplicating the buildings so they seem to appear the same as in the original painting, however with different shadows and light shining from different directions he could add shadows where necessary to correct the shape of the buildings.

The Boulevard Montmartre Spring 1897
The Boulevard Montmartre Spring 1897

With Boulevard Montre in Spring Rain Below the biggest challenge for him would have been to make it look like the floor was wet, to give the effect of water it looks like he may have used a pallet knife as well as using colours that he has used in the sky so that it looks like it is reflective. With this painting it seems he has taken shelter lower to street level maybe with the balcony he was painting in earlier paintings above him to shield him from the rain but I’m wondering how long it took him to paint this and where his starting point was. If he has started from the flooded road he may have been painting in his original spot finishing at the rooftops and so the buildings look higher.

The Boulevard Montmartre Spring Rain
The Boulevard Montmartre Spring Rain

The Boulevard Montre at Night below seems to have been painted on a wet rainy night and it looks like he has used a palette knife for the entire painting in order to get that effect.

Boulevard Montmartre at Night
Boulevard Montmartre at Night

In The Boulevard Montre in Cloudy Weather below he has used a similar technique completing the painting with thicker brushstrokes and palette knife (I think) to create a blurry effect. I have also noticed that on clouded days some of the colours you see are a lot deeper probably due to lack of light being reflected off the buildings he seems to show this by using deep colours in certain places such as the rooftop on the right.

The Boulevard Montmartre Cloudy Weather
The Boulevard Montmartre Cloudy Weather

Claude Monet

Really spent quite a while trying to continue what I had been doing in earlier research points and that is finding new artists to look at, unfortunately my keyword searches let me down this time so I went with the recommendations from the brief and looked at Claude Monet’s Series of paintings ‘Haystacks’. This series of 25 paintings were painted in the fields near his home in Giverny, France, he begun painting them at harvest time (end of summer) 1890 and continued painting through to the Spring of 1891.

Grainstacks in the Sunlight, Morning Effect, 1890
Grainstacks in the Sunlight, Morning Effect, 1890

The challenge that Monet faced, like Pissarro was to depict the different times of day as well as the different seasons, while still maintaining the texture of the haystacks and portraying the landscape in the background, he tackled this with a clever use of colour, different size brushstrokes and palette knife.

Haystacks, (Midday), 1890-91
Haystacks, (Midday), 1890-91
Wheatstacks, Snow Effect, Morning, 1891
Wheatstacks, Snow Effect, Morning, 1891
Haystacks on a Foggy Morning, 1891
Haystacks on a Foggy Morning, 1891
Grainstack. (Sunset.), 1890-91
Grainstack. (Sunset.), 1890-91
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